return to ICG Spaces home    ICG Risk Blog    discussions    newsletters    login    

ICG Risk Blog - [ Beyond Colombianization, Mexico is the Iraq, the Afghanistan, on our southern border ]

Beyond Colombianization, Mexico is the Iraq, the Afghanistan, on our southern border

  #

 

PREDICTIONS: In 2007 I penned Trends point towards Mexico's destabilization and How will you deal with the assassination of Calderon?: A working example of all-source risk analysis that flagged a series of progressively scaled attacks on government by cartels and corrupt police and military working on the cartels behalf.

 

At the time of these presentations, the Mexican consul gamely defended his state and said all was safe for Mexican investment. Three years on, events on the ground continue to deteriorate and my predictions remain ‘on the glideslope’.

 

In 2009 I predicted that the hyperviolent gangs such as Mara Salvatrucha (MS-13) will transit an arc akin to that of the Zetas, and in time, La Linea, in which they exceed their subsidiary enforcement and distribution roles to challenge their former partners. (Witness the falling out between the Zetas and the Gulf Cartel.)

 

In 2010 I see it plausible for Mexican criminal elements (cartels, corrupt police and military) to morph into a hybrid war group along the lines of Hezbollah, the Tamil Tigers and like groups.

 

I disagree that Mexico is on a path to Colombianization. Rather the inverse, Mexico has surpassed Columbia in its delivery of violence, narco terrorism and criminal control over state and private assets to the point that I predict that we shall apply the term ‘Mexicanization’ to emerging hyperviolent narco-corruption zones and states.

 

The majority of northern states bordering the US are no longer under legitimate state control. These states are effectively Temporary Autonomous Zones under narco control.

 

If you do not already closely follow street narcotics or do not read Charles Bowden you do not understand the problem

 

While this note has a substantial bibliography, you will not grasp its visceral threat unless you have a supple understanding of its impact on the Mexican street, and by extension, to your street. There is no better person to deliver that message than Charles Bowden.

 

Bowden came to a decade plus study of the Mexican drug trade by virtue of his job as a reporter and an interest in Southwestern fauna and flora. Scientists he knew "had been going into the Sierra Madres in certain areas, collecting plants, started coming back with reports that they couldn’t get into villages because suddenly there were men there with machine guns. Everybody was growing drugs.” Bowden is able to weave kindness and humanity into what is an inhuman exercise - the Killing Fields on our border that we pretend does not exist.

 

If you do not read these three short items, you should stop altogether as what follows will read like a list of vegetables in Urdu:

While You Were Sleeping

In Juarez, Mexico, photographers expose the violent realities of free trade

December 1996

 

The sicario: A Juárez hit man speaks

May 2009

 

NOTE: While often cited, Sicario is rarely read as the original sits behind a subscription wall. This text-only rendering is an automatically generated Google html cache copy that Google makes when it indexes the article PDF. To my knowledge this is the only non-infringing copy beyond the original.

 

"We Bring Fear"

A reporter flees the biggest cartel of all—the Mexican Army.

July 2009

If the scales have now fallen from before your eyes, you should listen to Bowden in this interview on WHYY Philadelphia:

Author Charles Bowden calls Ciudad Juarez 'Murder City'

April 22, 2010

There are more Bowden items in the bibliography, but I would next suggest the Totally Wasted: Just who is winning the War on Drugs? series of short items to widen your vision.

 

What the stats say

 

Trigger Agents for lawless areas are politics and economics: 

“Political insurgents” generally morph into “Commercial insurgencies” that “engage in for-profit organized crime without a predominant political agenda... To maximize income from illegal activities, these groups tend to interact with the public sector. At first, they corrupt select officers or bureaucrats; then they gradually undermine the entire system...

 

Both political and commercial insurgencies require lawless areas in which to operate... The search for sanctuaries in neighboring countries... opens the way for a spillover or “regionalization” of local civil wars... “Narco-guerillas” carve out the enclaves from which terrorists and organized crime syndicates can operate as well. In other cases, lawless areas spring from organized crime and venal officers and bureaucrats. Such spaces are buttressed by lax borders and regulatory systems, the corruption of local authorities, and satisfactory telecommunications. In marked contrast to the political insurgent, the economic insurgent does not seek to destroy the political power, but merely to bend it to his needs. Nevertheless, the corruption lever inexorably weakens and crumbles the host state from within...

The 2009 National Drug Threat Assessment significantly elevated the threat posed by Mexican drug trafficking organizations (DTOs): 

DTOs rapidly adapt to law enforcement and policy initiatives that disrupt their drug trafficking operations. Law enforcement and intelligence reporting revealed several strategic shifts by DTOs in drug production and trafficking in 2007 and early 2008, attributed in part to the success of counterdrug agencies in disrupting the operations of DTOs. Many of these shifts represent immediate new challenges for policymakers and resource planners. The National Drug Threat Assessment 2009 outlines the progress and emerging counterdrug challenges in detailed strategic findings, including the following:

• Mexican DTOs represent the greatest organized crime threat to the United States. The influence of Mexican DTOs over domestic drug trafficking is unrivaled. In fact, intelligence estimates indicate a vast majority of the cocaine available in U.S. drug markets is smuggled by Mexican DTOs across the U.S.–Mexico border. Mexican DTOs control drug distribution in most U.S. cities, and they are gaining strength in markets that they do not yet control.

• Violent urban gangs control most retail-level drug distribution nationally, and some have relocated from inner cities to suburban and rural areas. Moreover, gangs are increasing their involvement in wholesale-level drug distribution, aided by their connections with Mexican and Asian DTOs.

• Cocaine is the leading drug threat to society. Methamphetamine is the second leading drug threat, followed by marijuana, heroin, pharmaceutical drugs, and MDMA (3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine, also known as ecstasy) respectively.

The 2010 National Drug Threat Assessment retains that elevated threat posed by Mexican DTOs. The UNODC’s World Drug Report 2010 reports that of the cocaine rising from the Andean region in 2008, North America consumes 41% with the principal volume transiting through Mexico and a far lesser amount through Caribbean and Florida.

 

If this level of violence, corruption and decay on our border, delivering its toxic payload to our citizens, is not an existential threat (“a risk that is both global (affects all of humanity) and terminal (destroys or irreversibly cripples the target),” I would hate to live on the difference to what is.

 

Mexico is to the US as the DPRK is to China

 

Those who cannot fathom why China tolerates the egregious excesses of Pyongyang, need only follow Bowden's breadcrumbs of a struggle not of government against cartels but of cartels against corrupt police against corrupt army assets. The honest rump of government and innocent citizens are mere bystanders: 

[The DEA broke up a large drug ring, taking] down 21 tons of cocaine in a warehouse in California in 1989, and after they did that, the price of cocaine did not go up. It had no effect on the market, so much was coming in. That was the first time that DEA really understood the magnitude of the drug use in this country, because it’s very hard to track. People don’t report how much coke they use every week...

 

There’s a peaceful coexistence between the U.S. and Mexico in terms of drugs coming into the United States, except for occasional busts... 'Drugs] don’t have very much value until they get to the United States. Then they explode in value. The real profits are made here...

 

The United States wants a stable Mexico. Mexico is economically dependent on narco dollars to survive. If you could actually shut down the border and stop the importation of drugs into this country, Mexico would collapse...

 

Mexico makes more money from drugs than they do from oil, tourism, and the remittances sent back by illegal Mexicans working here. They earn at least $50 billion a year now from selling drugs. They simply can’t live without it. You have to understand the Mexican economy is 4% the size of the United States' economy. Fifty billion dollars is big money in an economy of that size...

 

[If the US] really cracked down on drugs in Mexico, the economy and the Mexican government would collapse. Millions of people would stream north to survive. Given that choice, successive American presidents have put on a kind of theatrical war on drugs, but let the business continue because the consequences of ending the business are worse than letting the business continue. Mexico needs the money.

 

The Mexican Army is in the drug business. The movie "Traffic" was not a complete fiction. [Synopsis for Traffic]

 

This isn’t some ugly conspiracy by corrupt American presidents. This is what’s called realpolitik. Tolerating the existence of a narco-state in Mexico is preferable to having an economic collapse in Mexico. Successive presidents have looked at the facts and made the same decision. So this is not the result of some evil leadership in our country. It’s simply confronting reality.

Security was not the driving Mexican business threat as late as January 2010

 

Even the nominally legitimate Mexican business sector sees itself being destabilized. Deloitte México has issued a quarterly Business Barometer (Barometro de empresas) since April 2007, covering executive expectations, trends and current event impacts. (All reports are in Spanish, with some in English.)

 

The current, July 2010, Business Barometer 14 and prior, April 2010, Barometro de empresas 13, issues reflect markedly different concerns by business from the prior two quarters.

 

As late as January 2010, security was seen as a secondary, even moderate, threat:

 

October 2009, Business Barometer 11, based upon “Current situation compared with one previous year”. “political discord” was greatest among the “Threats to the Mexican economy within the incoming months,” followed by the “US economic downturn.”

 

January 2010, Business Barometer 12, ranked political discord (desacuerdos politicos) and US economic slowdown (desaceleración norteamericana) highest among the threats.

 

The change comes by April 2010 and further spikes in July 2010:

  • April 2010, Barometro de empresas 13, shows failing security emerging as a greater threat than a lapsed US economy.
  • July 2010, Business Barometer 14, shows a spiking increase in industry fears of failing security over the previous quarter.

See charts on pages 4, 5 and 11 of Business Barometer 14:

  • CURRENT CHART, page 4: All indicators are up except for “seguridad” which sinks.
  • FUTURE CHART, page 5: All indicators remain up except for “seguridad” which stays in the cellar.
  • FACTORS THREATENING THE ECONOMY CHART, page 11: Inseguridad (insecurity) goes off the chart. Conversely, issues such as corruption and social conflicts (and there are many, especially in Southern Mexico) are near zero, i.e., they are baked in the Mexican operating outlook.

It is going to get worse

 

Mexico demands what is called situational awareness of its citizens and visitors. While the violence in the border towns is reaching epidemic proportions, Monterrey and Acapulco (aka Narcopulco) now increasingly have what amounts to squad level firefights in the central business/tourist district.

 

Criminal co-optition will accelerate as groups jocky for product, plaza control, security and supremacy.

 

These negative events are paralleling Mexico’s betterment of the China Price, and may well deprive Mexico of added legitimate revenue and infrastructure build-out.

 

By early 2008 the Gulf Cartel had “begun acquiring more military-grade weapons, including FN Herstal P90 submachine guns, FN Herstal 5.7 x 28mm pistols, M72 LAW (light anti-tank weapon) rocket launchers, AT4 anti-tank rockets, RPG-7 rocket-propelled grenade launchers, MGL 37mm grenade launchers and fragmentation grenades.”

 

The use of Vehicle Borne Improvised Explosive Devices (VBIEDs) has started and I would expect that to accelerate with even more paralysis of Mexican judicial and police asset that US forces suffer in Afghanistan.

 

Missing from this first effort: Secondary and tertiary detonations, often waves of parallel ignitions, against massed first responders and receiving hospitals. The Chechens and Iraqis have perfected this progression, but for the foreseeable future these secondary detonations will be IEDs and VBIEDs and not suicide vests. As time progresses: Multiple targets, simultaneous attacks, multiple vehicles per target and armed assault/breaching cadres to clear security personnel and gain access to the primary target.

 

The Bolivian “Coca-Coup” delivered a nation state into criminal hands in July 1980 along with its oversight of narcotics interdiction. Guatemala only recently escaped falling under narco control and is by no means free from a return of that threat. Mexico is similarly vulnerable.

 

BIBLIOGRAPHY

 

Frontera List

Frontera-List contains articles posted daily on U.S.- Mexico border issues, with a special focus on Ciudad Juarez

by Molly Molloy

 

Comando caught with explosives in Chihuahua

From: Susan <prettysk...@gmail.com>

Date: Fri, 23 Jul 2010 20:01:11 -0500

Local: Fri, Jul 23 2010 9:01 pm

 

Ciudad Juarez car bomb shows new sophistication in Mexican drug cartels' tactics

By William Booth

Washington Post

July 22, 2010; A10

 

Mexico Retail Sales Rise 5% as Violence Damps Demand

Bloomberg

July 21, 2010, 12:36 PM EDT

 

Texas Tribune: Outgoing Juárez Mayor talks about the city's future

By Julian Aguilar

Texas Tribune

07/21/2010 08:27:01 AM MDT

 

Mexico Businesses See Drug Violence As Bigger Threat Than U.S. Downturn

By Adriana Lopez Caraveo and Jonathan J. Levin

Bloomberg

Jul 20, 2010

 

How Guatemala's fragile democracy nearly went `narco'

Earlier this year, Guatemala nearly came under mobsters' control -- but an outspoken former Spanish judge yanked the nation from the precipice.

BY TIM JOHNSON

McClatchy News Service

Monday, 07.19.10

 

Mexico birthday party massacre bears resemblance to Juarez killings

By Sara Miller Llana Sara Miller Llana

CSM

Jul 19, 1:10 pm ET

 

US official: Mexican car bomb likely used Tovex

by ALICIA A. CALDWELL

MSNBC

updated 7/19/2010 11:38:32 PM ET

 

Mexico car bomb: 'Colombianization' of Mexico nearly complete

Last week's Mexico car bomb in the border town of Cuidad Juarez killed three. It is the first known use of a car bomb against authorities and marks a troubling new level of violence in the country's brutal drug war.

By Sara Miller Llana

CSM

July 18, 2010

 

Government Says Bolivian Clans Linked to Mexico’s Zetas Cartel

Latin American Herald Tribune (LAHT)

July 18,2010

 

Experts: Car bomb in Juárez mimics Middle East terrorist tactics

Car bombing was trap

By Ramon Bracamontes

El Paso Times

07/17/2010 12:00:00 AM MDT

 

Car bomb in Mexican drug war changes ground rules

by ALICIA A. CALDWELL

AP

updated 7/17/2010 11:04:40 AM ET

 

Mexico blames drug cartel for deadly car bomb

By Julian Cardona

Reuters

Jul 16, 2010 8:58pm EDT

 

7 circles of Juarez: teenage assassins

Reuters

Jul 14, 2010 10:51 EDT

 

Mexican Troops Capture High-Level Zetas Cartel Member

Latin American Herald Tribune (LAHT)

July 9,2010

 

Barometro de empresas 14

[Business Barometer 14]

Deloitte México

July 2010

COMPLETE SERIES from April 2007

 

Cancun police find 12 decomposing inside caverns

By Gabriel Alcocer

Associated Press

Jun 18, 11:31 pm ET

 

In Mexico, Transactions With Dollars Face Scrutiny

ASSOCIATED PRESS

Published: June 15, 2010

 

Workers At Pemex Installations Abducted--Pemex Officials

By David Luhnow and Nicholas Casey

WALL STREET JOURNAL

FIRST ENERCAST FINANCIAL

Jun 11, 2010

 

RPT-US-born "Barbie" drug lord takes on Mexican army

By Anahi Rama

Reuters

Jun 11, 2010 8:00am EDT

 

Mexico arrests Los Zetas gang 'leader' in Monterrey

BBC

Page last updated at 08:20 GMT, 10 June 2010 09:20 UK

 

Mexican Cops Find Tracking Chip Removed from Kidnapped Politician

Latin American Herald Tribune

June 10,2010

Auto Thefts Up 15.8% in Mexico

Latin American Herald Tribune

June 9,2010

 

U.S. Delays Release of Report Tying Meth to Mexico

By CHARLIE SAVAGE and MICHAEL R. GORDON

June 8, 2010

 

Mexico police arrest 13 in fuel theft tunnel case

Police allege they were trying to steal fuel from oil company pipelines

Associated Press

updated 1:44 p.m. ET, Tues., June 8, 2010

 

Networks of Power: Diego, the "Colombianization" has arrived

By: Alejandro Ramos

MexicoInvestorDigest

18/05/2010 10:52

 

Barbie's Bad Break-up: The Fight for Mexico's Heartland

Violence threatens more than just Mexico's north.

Salem-News.com Special Report

May-12-2010 00:11

 

Mexican Drug Wars: When Media Silenced, Twitter Alerts Citizens

In Reynosa, Mexico, Citizens Spread Information on Twitter, YouTube, When Journalists Silenced

By ALEX PENA

ABC News

May 10, 2010

 

Mexican traffickers get help from US prison gangs

By Christopher Sherman

Associated Press

May 2, 2:21 pm ET 2010

 

Getaway for Mexican elite now cartel battleground

By Olga R. Rodriguez

Associated Press

Apr 28, 2010 3:47 pm ET

 

'Murder City,' by Charles Bowden

By Oscar Villalon, Special to The Chronicle

REVIEW

April 25, 2010

 

Author Charles Bowden calls Ciudad Juarez 'Murder City'

Hour 2

Radio Times/WHYY

April 22, 2010

 

Military Capabilities for Hybrid War

Insights from the Israel Defense Forces in Lebanon and Gaza

David E. Johnson

ISBN 978-0-8330-4926-1

RAND 2010

 

Tucson author Charles Bowden on 'Murder City'

by Kerry Lengel

The Arizona Republic

Apr. 9, 2010 02:12 PM

 

Mexico Failing on Purpose?

Nat Wilson Turner

The Agonist

April 6, 2010

 

Journalist Chronicles 'Killing Fields' Of Juarez

Morning Edition

by NPR Staff

Interview with Charles Bowden

April 1, 2010

 

Barometro de empresas 13

[Business Barometer 13]

Deloitte México

April 2010

 

You Can't Understand Drug War Bloodbath in Mexico Unless You're Living It

"Living on the border can cripple a person's emotional range. I grow more numb with each passing day."

By Charles Bowden

High Country News, AlterNet

March 26, 2010

 

National Drug Threat Assessment 2010

National Drug Intelligence Center

US Department of Justice

Document ID: 2010-Q0317-001

February 2010

Updated 25 March 2010

 

Charles Bowden Chronicles the 'Murder City': Juarez, Mexico

The Takeaway

Tuesday, March 23, 2010

AUDIO

 

Mexico killings spotlight Juarez as Mexico's worst drug war city

The Mexico killings of a US consulate employee, her American husband, and a Mexican citizen affiliated with the consulate in Ciudad Juarez show just how dangerous Mexico's drug war and the border city have become.

By Sara Miller Llana

CSM

March 15, 2010

 

Authorities: Gulf Cartel, Zetas gang up on each other as arrangement dies

Jeremy Roebuck

The Monitor

March 10, 2010 12:55 AM

 

AlixPartners U.S. Manufacturing-Outsourcing Cost Index™ Overview & Highlights

February 2010

AlixPartners

ZMAGS

 

AlixPartnersLLP 2010 China Auto Outlook_April 2010_HIGHLIGHTS

AlixPartners

 

Alix Outsourcing 2010

AlixPartners

Mexico Continues to Lead as Best-cost Country for U.S. Outsourcing; Vietnam, Russia and Romania, making huge strides, also edge out China.

Estrada y Asociados

Feb. 3, 2010

 

Accelerated migration of Japanese autoparts companies located in U.S.A. and Canada to Mexico

Mexico´s Secretary of Economy

Representative Office in Japan

Embassy of Mexico

Souce: Fourin Monthly Report on Global Automotive Insustry No.293, January 2010

*Translation from Japanese and update by the Representative Office in Japan of Mexico’s Ministry of Economy

January 2010

 

Gangs in Central America

Clare Ribando Seelke

Specialist in Latin American Affairs

Congressional Research Service

RL34112

December 4, 2009

 

The Disappearing China Price - AlixPartners

By Brian Schwarz

Zhongnanhai blog

Published August 17, 2009

Opinion & Analysis

 

From East to West

Huntingdon County Business and Industry

 

Totally Wasted

Just who is winning the War on Drugs?

Mother Jones

Special Report

July/August 2009

 

"We Bring Fear"

A reporter flees the biggest cartel of all—the Mexican Army.

By Charles Bowden

Mother Jones

July/August 2009

 

The Cartels Next Door

Cartels used to neatly divide Mexico. But as they have fractured, the violence has intensified. And moved north.

By Jen Phillips

Mother Jones

July/August 2009

 

The Drug War in Six Acts

How right-wing posses started the crack trade, and other tales that will blow your mind.

By Ben Wallace-Wells

Mother Jones

July/August 2009

 

Will Corruption Cross the Line?

The cartels own Mexico's cops. American border agents could be next.

By Andrew Becker

Mother Jones

July/August 2009

 

Las Baladas Prohibidas

On the trail of narcocorridos, the drug ballads Mexicans love to hate.

By William T. Vollmann

Mother Jones

July/August 2009

 

US-Trained Death Squads?

How America's latest drug war initiative could aid the cartels and enrich military contractors.

By Frank Koughan

Mother Jones

July/August 2009

 

The Patriot's Guide to Legalization

Have you ever looked at our marijuana policy? I mean, really looked at it?

By Kevin Drum

Mother Jones

July/August 2009

 

High Sierras

The woods are lovely, dark, and...full of gun-toting narcofarmers.

By Josh Harkinson

Mother Jones

July/August 2009

 

The Drug War, By the Numbers

Where the money went.

By Celia Perry

Mother Jones

July/August 2009 Issue

 

Barometro de empresas 10

Deloitte México

Julio 2009

 

Download: AlixPartners 2009 Manufacturing-Outsourcing Cost Index HIGHLIGHTS_2

FiNETIK – Asia and Latin America – Market News Network

June 5, 2009 2:24 am

 

Mexico: Battling China on Price

FiNETIK – Asia and Latin America – Market News Network

May 23, 2009, 9:36 am

 

AlixPartners Introduces New Outsourcing Tool That Determines 'Best-Cost Countries'

Mexico Surpasses China and India in the Analysis; China's Total Costs Just 6% Below U.S.'s

Marketwire

May 18, 2009 09:00 ET

 

Mexico’s Narco-Insurgency and U.S. Counter-Drug Policy

Hal Brands

Strategic Studies Institute

ISBN 1-58487-388-4

May 2009

 

AlixPartners 2009 Manufacturing-Outsourcing Cost Index – Overview & Highlights

AlixPartners

May 2009

 

Spanish translations of The Sicario are, however, available in the clear:

Sicario. Confesiones de un asesino de Ciudad Juárez

Charles Bowden

Traducción de César Blanco

Nexos en linea

01/08/2009

 

The sicario: A Juárez hit man speaks

Google html cache image of May 2009 Harper’s article

 

Knowing that Google automatically generates html versions of documents as it crawls the web, I was able to find and capture a Google html cache copy from an index of the article PDFs from the Harper’s May 2009 issue.

The copy referenced on this site is the Google html version of the file http://pdfmenot.com/store_local/b65d618cb36b8222f1cdff9a428f094f.pdf.
The blank spaces in the html copy are the illustrations in the pdf. Text itself is complete.

 

The sicario: A Juárez hit man speaks

By Charles Bowden

Harper’s

May 2009

 

China Loses Low-Cost Manufacturing Crown to India, Mexico

China's total manufacturing costs are now only 6% below those of American factories

AFP

May 21, 2009

 

Gomorrah and Mexican Cartel Violence: Is the Gomorra more violent than Mexican Drug Cartels?

James Creechan, Ph.D. (Toronto, Canada)

DRAFT

May 19, 2009

 

Mexico targets Death Saint popular with criminals

By OLGA R. RODRIGUEZ

Associated Press

Apr 19 12:16 AM US/Eastern, 2009

 

Santa Muerte Laughs While U.S. Strains to Pour Money and Guns on the Fire

Nat Wilson Turner

The Agonist

April 6, 2009 - 1:49pm

 

Mexico: authorities crack down on "Santa Muerte" narco-cult

WW4 Report

Sat, 04/04/2009 - 23:19

 

Business Barometer Survey

The business pulse survey [9]

Deloitte México

April 2009

 

Mexico's Patron Saint of Crime, Criminals, and the Dispossessed is dispossessed: Santa Muerte alive in El Paso / Juarez

Times wire, staff reports

El Paso Times

03/29/2009 10:30:06 AM MDT

 

Video: 'Saint Death' alive in El Paso / Juarez

La Santa Muerte Alive in El Paso

 

Police: U.S. teens were hit men for Mexican cartel

By Ed Lavandera

CNN

March 13, 2009 -- Updated 2151 GMT (0551 HKT)

 

Mexico: The Third War

By Fred Burton and Scott Stewart

Stratfor

February 18, 2009 1923 GMT

 

Countries in Crisis: Mexico

Stratfor

December 8, 2008 1613 GMT

 

National Drug Threat Assessment 2009

National Drug Intelligence Center

US Department of Justice

Document ID: 2008-Q0317-005

December 2008

 

Mexico Security Memo: Jan. 21, 2008

Stratfor

Jan. 21, 2008

 

GAO finds lax border procedures weaken security

Posted by Fran Harris at 11:29 AM

U.S. Border Control

January 20, 2008

 

Mexico: A Shift in Cartel Tactics?

Stratfor

January 15, 2008 1853 GMT

 

Mexico Security Memo: Jan. 14, 2008

Stratfor

January 14, 2008 2059 GMT

 

Threat Analysis: Organized Crime and Narco-Terrorism in Northern Mexico
By Gordon James Knowles, Ph.D.

Military Review
January-February 2008

 

We Were Caught Unprepared: The 2006 Hezbollah-Israeli War

Matt M. Matthews

The Long War Series

Occasional Paper 26

U.S. Army Combined Arms Center

ISBN 978-0-16-079899-3

2008

 

A Contemporary Challenge to State Sovereignty: Gangs and Other Illicit Transnational Criminal Organizations (TCOs) in Central America, El Salvador, Mexico, Jamaica, and Brazil.

Max G. Manwaring
Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College
ISBN 1-58487-334-5
December 2007

 

The Maras: A Menace to the Americas

by Federico Breve, former Minister of Defense of Honduras

Military Review
July-August 2007

 

Border Patrol, lawmen outgunned by cartels

Homeland Security panel also says traffickers are forming ties with U.S.-based gangs

By Michelle Mittelstadt, as printed in the Houston Chronicle
Edits made per Franking Commission

October 17, 2006

 

Exodus: Border-Crossers Forge a New America

Coyotes, pollos, and the promised van.

By Charles Bowden

Mother Jones

September/October 2006

 

Born Into Cellblocks

In the penitentiary of Nuevo Laredo, children do time with their mothers—and the cartels.

By Charles Bowden

Mother Jones

May/June 2006

 

Charles Bowden, a Fly on the Wall Watching the Drug War that's 'Down by the River'

Interview Conducted by BuzzFlash Editor Mark Karlin.

A BUZZFLASH INTERVIEW

March 2, 2006

 

Mexico Is Becoming the Next Colombia

by Ted Galen Carpenter

Foreign Policy Briefing, No. 87

CATO

November 15, 2005

 

The Most Dangerous Gang in America

They're a violent force in 33 states and counting. Inside the battle to police Mara Salvatrucha.

by Arian Campo-Flores

Newsweek

March 28, 2005

 

Street Gangs: The New Urban Insurgency

Max G. Manwaring

Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College

ISBN 1-58487-191-1

March 2005

 

The Numbers Game: Let's All Guess the Size of the Illegal Drug Industry!

Francisco E. Thoumi

Journal Of Drug Issues

0022-0426/05/01, Volume 35, Number 1, January 1, 2005, pp 185-200

MIRROR

 

SPECIAL REPORT -- THE CHINA PRICE

By Pete Engardio and Dexter Roberts With Brian Bremner in Beijing and bureau reports

Business Week
DECEMBER 6, 2004

 

Latin American Security Challenges

A Collaborative Inquiry from North and South

Newport Paper Twenty-one

Paul D. Taylor, Editor

U.S. Naval War College

2004

 

MOVING TARGETS

Will the counter-insurgency plan in Iraq repeat the mistakes of Vietnam?

By Seymour M. Hersh

New Yorker

Issue of 2003-12-15 (December 15, 2003)

2003-12-08

 

Potential Indicators of Threats Involving Vehicle Borne Improvised Explosive Devices (VBIEDs)

Homeland Security Information Bulletin

May 15, 2003

 

The Impact of the Andean Cocain Trafficking: The Cases of Bolivia, Columbia and Mexico

Sayaka Fukumi

ECPR Workshops, Grenoble

6-11 April 2001

 

KILLING PABLO

Media Awareness Project

Source: Philadelphia Inquirer (PA)

Pubdate: 17 Dec 2000

Chapters 1 through 36, dated 12 Nov 2000 to 17 Dec 2000

 

The Urban Threat: Guerrilla and Terrorist Organizations
Marine Corps Intelligence Activity study, 1999
Small Wars Journal

 

WHILE YOU WERE SLEEPING

In Juarez, Mexico, photographers expose the violent realities of free trade

By Charles Bowden

From HARPER'S MAGAZINE, December 1996

MIRROR, Includes Jaime Bailleres’ image of the unknown dead girl

 

Gordon Housworth



InfoT Public  Infrastructure Defense Public  Risk Containment and Pricing Public  Strategic Risk Public  Terrorism Public  

discussion

  discuss this article


<<  |  April 2017  |  >>
SunMonTueWedThuFriSat
2627282930311
2345678
9101112131415
16171819202122
23242526272829
30123456
view our rss feed